China exports Nicolas Asfouri/Getty Images

应对美国经济政策冲击

纽约—今年美国将考虑一系列税收和贸易动作,新兴市场经济体可能会面临贬值压力和波动。

特别是,三个美国引发的经济不确定性将在2017年影响到新兴市场。

一是边境调节税。边境调节税将让美国出口商获得税收优惠,但对美国进口商品征税——或取消抵扣,效果相同。总统特朗普和共和党控制的国会都表示支持这一方案,它很有可能成为现实。这一税种,哪怕是对其实施的预期,都将推高美元汇率(讽刺的是,这至少将部分抵消特朗普政府所期待的美国贸易失衡的改善)。

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