Kunnen we de hele wereld voeden?

LONDEN – In de jaren zestig zorgde de “Groene Revolutie” – waarvan de ontwikkeling van hoogrenderende gewasvariëteiten, de uitbreiding van de irrigatie-infrastructuur en de verkoop van moderne meststoffen en pesticiden aan boeren in de ontwikkelingslanden deel uitmaakte – voor een groei van de wereldwijde landbouwproductie. Maar de chronische honger blijft aanhouden, vooral in de ontwikkelingslanden, die het meest te kampen hebben met tegenvallende oogsten en wisselvallige voedselprijzen.

De wereldbevolking zal in 2050 naar verwachting ruim negen miljard mensen omvatten. Voedselzekerheid betekent dat iedereen consistente en betaalbare toegang moet hebben tot de juiste voedingsstoffen, ondanks de beperkte hoeveelheid land en water, de klimaatverandering en het toenemende verbreiding van westerse voedingsgewoonten, als gevolg van de stijgende inkomens.

Het overwinnen van deze uitdagingen zal niet makkelijk zijn. Maar door gecoördineerd actie te ondernemen om de innovatie te bevorderen, de toegang tot de markten te versterken en vrouwen en kleine boeren te ondersteunen, kunnen ontwikkelingslanden productieve, stabiele, veerkrachtige en eerlijke landbouwsectoren opbouwen, duurzame economische groei verwezenlijken en voedselzekerheid waarborgen voor iedereen.

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