拉姆斯菲尔德的革命会继续吗?

美国的国防政策正处于转折点上。自1997年以来,美国国会就要求国防部每隔四年进行一次全面的国防评估。国防部目前正在进行第三次这样的评估,评估结果将在年底揭晓。这项评估据称将会具有分水岭式的意义。

上一次四年一度的评估在2001年9月11日恐怖袭击以后的数周发布。所以它只对未来的反恐战略做了些许提示。相较之下,2005年的评估将会代表布什政府几年以来的思考成果,因而会成为美国未来国防政策的一项重要指标。

作为美国国防政策基础的大方向战略自2002年以来没有发生重大变化。以恐怖主义为重心,该战略呼吁加强寻求根除跨国恐怖主义的国际伙伴网络,同时还呼吁对恐怖组织及其赞助者采取直接行动。最终,这一战略的目的是要根治布什总统认为的恐怖主义发生的根源,特别是开放的政治体系和经济机遇的缺失。

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