Sexualité voilée

NEW YORK – Une femme couverte de noir de la tête aux pieds, portant un foulard ou tchador, marche dans une rue européenne ou nord-américaine, entourée d’autres femmes en dos-nus, minijupes et mini shorts. Elle passe devant d'immenses affiches sur lesquelles des femmes se pâment d’extase, se courbent en petite tenue ou s'étirent langoureusement, quasiment nues. Ce tableau pourrait-il être plus représentatif de l’embarras de l'Occident vis-à-vis des mœurs de l'Islam, et inversement ?

Le corps des femmes est souvent au cœur des combats idéologiques ; et l’islamophobie occidentale ne fait pas exception à la règle. Quand la France a interdit le port du foulard à l'école, elle a utilisé le hijab comme faire-valoir des valeurs occidentales en général, y compris du statut de la femme. Lorsque les Américains se préparaient à envahir l'Afghanistan, les talibans étaient diabolisés notamment parce qu'ils refusaient que les femmes se maquillent ou se teignent les cheveux ; quand les talibans ont été renversés, les observateurs occidentaux ont fréquemment constaté que les femmes avaient ôté leur foulard.

Mais l'Ouest n’interpréterait-il de façon totalement erronée les moeurs musulmanes, en particulier ce que cela signifie pour nombre de musulmanes d'être voilée ou de porter le tchador ? Sommes‑nous incapables de voir nos propres marqueurs d’oppression et de contrôle des femmes ?

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