Corporate greed protest sign a.mina/Flickr

Секрет Корпоративного Поглощения

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Соединенные Штаты и мир вовлечены в большую дискуссию о новых торговых соглашениях. Такие договоры принято называть “соглашениями о свободной торговле”; в самом деле, они управлялись торговыми соглашениями, с учетом корпоративных интересов, в основном в США и Европейском Союзе. Сегодня, такие сделки чаще называют “партнерством”, как в Транс-Тихоокеанском Партнерстве (ТТП). Но они не являются равными партнерскими отношениями: США эффективно диктует условия. К счастью, “партнеры” Америки становятся все более бдительными.

Не трудно понять, почему. Эти соглашения, выходят далеко за рамки торговли, регулирующие инвестиции и интеллектуальную собственность, а также, накладывают фундаментальные изменения в правовых, судебных и нормативных структурах стран, без участия или отчетности, через демократические институты.

Возможно, наиболее оскорбительная - и наиболее нечестная - часть таких соглашений, касается защиты инвесторов. Конечно, инвесторы должны быть защищены от нечестных правительств, захватывающих их имущество. Но это не то, о чем эти положения. В последние десятилетия там было очень мало экспроприаций, и инвесторы, которые хотят себя защитить, могут купить страховку у Многостороннего Агентства по Инвестиционным Гарантиям, филиала Всемирного Банка, у США и других стран, предоставляющих аналогичную страховку. Тем не менее, США требуют таких положений в ТТП, хотя многие из его “партнеров” имеют право на защиту собственности и судебные системы, которые так же хороши, как их собственная.

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