Corporate greed protest sign a.mina/Flickr


纽约—美国和全世界正在进行一场关于新贸易协定的大争论。这些合约过去被称为“自由贸易协定”;事实上,它们是有管理的贸易协定,专门为公司利益——主要是美国和欧盟公司——量身定制。如今,这些协议常常被称为“合作伙伴关系”,比如跨太平洋合作伙伴关系(Trans-Pacific Partnership,TPP)。但这个合作伙伴关系并不平等:美国实际操纵着协议条款。幸运的是,美国的“合作伙伴”越来越抵制这一安排。


也许这些协定最不公平也最不诚实的部分就在于投资者保护方面。当然,投资者必须得到保护免遭流氓政府窃取物权。但这些协定中的条款与此无关。最近几十年中极少发生没收物权的情况,且希望得到保护的投资者可以像世界银行下属机构多边投资担保局(Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency)购买保险,美国 和其他政府也提供类似的保险。尽管如此,美国要求在TPP中写入投资者保护条款,即使其许多“合作伙伴”的物权保护和司法制度与美国一样优秀。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now