El ascenso de Turquía y la decadencia del Pan-Arabismo

 TEL AVIV – El fiasco mortífero de la "flotilla de la paz" encabezada por Turquía que se dirigía a Gaza puso de relieve las crecientes tensiones de la alianza israelí-turca. Sin embargo, ayudó principalmente a mostrar las razones subyacentes del cambio de la orientación occidental de Turquía hacia una enfocada a convertirse en un actor fundamental en Medio Oriente –en alianza con los regímenes rebeldes de la región y con actores radicales no estatales.

La política exterior no se puede separar de sus fundamentos internos. La identidad de las naciones, su espíritu, siempre ha sido un motivo en la definición de sus prioridades estratégicas. Por supuesto, los errores de Israel también desempeñaron un papel en la erosión de su alianza con Turquía. Sin embargo, el colapso de su vieja “alianza con la periferia”, incluida Turquía, el Irán  del Sha y Etiopía tiene más relación con los cambios revolucionarios en estos países –el ascenso al poder del Ayatola Khomeini, el fin del régimen del emperador Haile Selassie y ahora el cambio islámico del primer ministro turco Recep Tayyip Erdogan –que con las políticas de Israel.

La crisis actual pone de manifiesto la profundidad del complejo de identidad de Turquía, su oscilación entre una herencia kemalista orientada a Occidente y su legado otomano oriental. Rechazada por la Unión Europea, Erdogan está inclinando la balanza hacia esto último.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/bvM0nms/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now