Margaret Scott

La manœuvre kurde d'Erdoğan

ISTANBUL – Le conflit au Moyen-Orient menace non seulement la sécurité de plusieurs Etats, mais également leur existence pérenne. La Syrie, l'Irak, le Liban parmi d'autres sont maintenant aux prises dans des combats sectaires, qui risquent de se fragmenter en sous-Etats ethniques et de transformer une région dont la géographie politique a été élaborée il y a près d'un siècle.

En examinant la scène régionale, le premier ministre turc Recep Tayyip Erdoğan a mis au point un plan audacieux pour améliorer la position régionale de la Turquie et pour prolonger sa propre domination politique nationale. Faisant face à la fin d'une auto-limitation à trois mandats de sa fonction de Premier ministre, il a l'intention de modifier la constitution turque pour introduire un système présidentiel, avec lui-même à sa tête comme étant le premier titulaire à exercer un pouvoir aussi étendu.

Le plan d'Erdoğan implique toutefois de mettre fin au conflit de 30 ans de la Turquie avec sa propre population kurde. En conséquence, le gouvernement Erdoğan a décidé de négocier avec Abdullah Öcalan, le dirigeant emprisonné du Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (PKK), le mouvement de résistance armée kurde.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now