土耳其的新使命

特拉维夫——自从土耳其共和国建立后,这个国家就一直在创始人凯末尔·阿塔土克的亲西方传统、以及土耳其帝国的东方传统间摇摆不定。现代土耳其深层次而复杂的身份问题从未得到过解决,这个问题现在正在动摇这个国家的战略联盟,重塑其在地区和全球发挥的作用。事实上,土耳其对自我认知的改变驱动了它迄今为止在以色列及其阿拉伯敌人,包括叙利亚和哈马斯之间充当和平中间人的并不成功的努力。

雷杰普·塔伊普·埃尔多安总理替代埃及成为核心地区调解人的传教士般热情,以及他反对以色列在加沙所作所为的激烈言论,被许多人看作是试图恢复土耳其在帝国时代地区和平与安全保证人作用的一种尝试。它在中东扮演这一角色的资质绝对不容小视。

土耳其是真正的地区强国,其军事实力在世界范围内屈指可数。与此同时,它是尽管对伊朗核野心的忧虑并不亚于以色列,却能对美国的不快不理不睬,继续与伊朗保持极好的经济和政治关系的唯一一个穆斯林国家。当然,叙利亚也是伊朗的盟友,但中东地区没有其他国家能够比拟土耳其对伊朗的影响力。土耳其在地区内的外交实力也体现在不久前在与沙特阿拉伯签订友好协议的同时,也与巴基斯坦和伊拉克保持了极好的关系。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/3OAC5st/zh;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now