Poor people in Ohio Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Arrastrándose hacia Trump

LONDRES – El establishment republicano se apresuró raudamente a presentar al presidente electo Donald Trump como una garantía de continuidad. Por supuesto, no es eso en absoluto. Hizo campaña contra el establishment político y, como dijo en un mitin preelectoral, una victoria para él sería un "Brexit plus, plus, plus". Con dos terremotos políticos en el lapso de unos meses, y otros que seguramente vendrán, bien podríamos coincidir con el veredicto del embajador de Francia ante Estados Unidos: el mundo como lo conocemos "se está desmoronando frente a nuestros ojos".

La última vez que parecía estar sucediendo lo mismo fue la era de las dos guerras mundiales, 1914 a 1945. La sensación entonces de un mundo "que se venía abajo" fue capturada por el poema de William Butler Yeats de 1919 "El segundo advenimiento": "Todo se desmorona; el centro cede; la anarquía se abate sobre el mundo". En un momento en que las instituciones de gobierno tradicionales estaban absolutamente desacreditadas por la guerra, el vacío de legitimidad iba a ser ocupado por demagogos poderosos y dictaduras populistas: "Los mejores carecen de toda convicción, mientras que los peores están llenos de apasionada intensidad". Oswald Spengler tuvo la misma idea en su obra La decadencia de Occidente, publicada en 1918.

El pronóstico político de Yeats estaba moldeado por su escatología religiosa. Creía que el mundo tenía que transitar una "pesadilla" hacia "Belén para nacer". En su época, tenía razón. La pesadilla que discernía se prolongó a lo largo de la Gran Depresión de 1929-1932 y culminó en la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Eran preludios del "segundo advenimiento", no de Cristo, sino de un liberalismo construido sobre cimientos sociales más firmes.

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