Big city skyline

La farsa del Acuerdo Estratégico Transpacífico de Asociación Económica

NUEVA YORK – Mientras negociadores y ministros de Estados Unidos y otros 11 países de la Cuenca del Pacífico se reúnen en Atlanta con el propósito de ultimar detalles del radicalmente nuevo Acuerdo Estratégico Transpacífico de Asociación Económica (TPP), es justo y necesario realizar un análisis sobrio. El mayor acuerdo regional de comercio e inversión de la historia no es lo que aparenta ser.

Oirá mucho sobre la importancia que tiene el TPP para el “libre comercio”. La realidad es que este es un acuerdo para administrar las relaciones comerciales y de inversión de sus miembros – y para hacer esto en representación de los más poderosos lobistas de negocios de cada país. No nos confundamos: es evidente del análisis de los principales asuntos pendientes, sobre los que los negociadores aún están regateando, que el TPP no gira alrededor del “libre” comercio.

Nueva Zelanda ha amenazado con retirarse del acuerdo debido a la forma en la que Canadá y EE.UU. administran el comercio de los productos lácteos. Australia no está contenta con la forma en la que EE.UU. y México administran el comercio del azúcar. Y, EE.UU. no está contento con la forma en la que Japón administra el comercio del arroz. Estos sectores industriales están respaldados por significativos bloques de votantes en sus respectivos países. Y, ellos representan sólo la punta del iceberg en términos de cómo el TPP implementaría una agenda que, en los hechos, funcionaría en contra del libre comercio.

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