No darle de comer al vampiro

BERKELEY – ¿Será que el sector financiero estadounidense está despojando de recursos a la economía real? Todavía muchos recuerdan (y con razón) la memorable descripción que en 2009 hizo de Goldman Sachs el periodista Matt Taibbi, cuando comparó a esta firma con un enorme calamar vampiro, pegado a la cara de la humanidad, clavando una y otra vez el apéndice de chupar sangre dondequiera que huela dinero.

Allá por 2011, yo señalé que mientras en 1950 el sector de finanzas y seguros de Estados Unidos equivalía al 2,8% del PIB, tres años después de la peor crisis financiera en casi ochenta años esa cifra ascendió al 8,4% del PIB: “(…) si EE. UU. estuviera obteniendo un buen valor a cambio [de los] $750 mil millones extras que se desvían anualmente de lo que hubiese estado destinado a pagar a personas que fabrican directamente bienes útiles y proporcionan directamente servicios útiles, dicho valor se mostraría de forma obvia en las estadísticas”.

Agregué que este enorme desvío de recursos en detrimento de la producción de bienes y servicios con utilidad directa durante el año sería buen negocio solamente si impulsara el crecimiento económico anual general en un 0,3%, es decir, en un 6% a lo largo de una generación (25 años). Dicho de otro modo, sería buen negocio solamente si tomado en su conjunto, incluyera una cantidad sustancial de lo que los financistas llaman “coeficiente alfa”.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/vApOybK/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now