Chris Van Es

Sistemas en riesgo

GINEBRA – El fracaso en adaptarnos al cambio climático, la persistencia de condiciones climáticas extremas y la importante crisis financiera que cruza todo el sistema son apenas 3 de los 50 grandes riesgos que se evalúan cada año en el Informe Global de Riesgos del Foro Económico Mundial. Parece natural establecer vínculos entre ellos, sobre todo si se tiene en cuenta que una "supertormenta" obligó a cerrar Wall Street en octubre pasado. De hecho, el informe nos hace  más conscientes las muchas maneras en que, inevitablemente, los sistemas acaban por afectarse entre sí en nuestro mundo interdependiente.

Lo que es más importante, advierte de los peligros de que varios de ellos fallen. Por ejemplo, dos de los más importantes son la economía y el ambiente, cuya interacción subraya el primero de los tres casos estudiados en el informe de este año.

Los 1.000 expertos que respondieron a la Encuesta de Percepción de Riesgos Globales del FEM, en el que se basa el informe, clasificaron la adaptación al cambio climático como su principal inquietud ambiental para la década próxima, lo que implica un cambio importante en el modo como se piensa sobre el clima y refleja la creciente aceptación de que estamos "atrapados" en cierto grado de cambio global de las temperaturas, por lo que debemos adaptarnos en el nivel local: por ejemplo, reforzar nuestros sistemas de infraestructura fundamental para elevar su resistencia ante situaciones climáticas extremas.

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