Беспокойство об Европейской обороне

ВАШИНГТОН: Несмотря на то, что встреча лидеров Европейского Союза в Ницце достигла всего нескольких из поставленных на повестку дня целей, она стала еще одним шагом на пути интеграции европейских вооруженных сил, Европейской Оборонной Инициативы (ЕОИ). Тем не менее, это движение начало вызывать опасения, как в НАТО, так и в Соединенных Штатах Америки.

Одним из фундаментальных принципов Американской внешней политики долгое время было оказание поддержки любым начинаниям по дальнейшей интеграции Европейского Союза. Если в результате таких начинаний возникает угроза особым интересам США, средством является ревизия деталей, но без противодействия инициативе в целом. В отличие от британских Тори и французских голлистов, а также многих датчан и шведов, у американцев нет страха перед перспективой возникновения Соединенных Штатов Европы, без сомнения, потенциального конкурента, но также и весьма необходимого партнера на мировой арене.

Когда впервые появилась ЕОИ, реакция Америки ничем не отличалась. Хотя многие французские вдохновители ЕОИ не скрывали своего желания найти альтернативу НАТО, что рассматривалась ими как единственный способ освобождения Европы от американской гегемонии, официально ЕОИ представлялась и обсуждалась на заседаниях советов Европейского Союза по-другому. Официально ЕОИ должна была стать дополнением НАТО не в качестве конкурента; цель ЕОИ виделась в предоставлении Европейских сил для проведения операций по поддержанию мира меньшего масштаба, которые не требовали участия американских вооруженных сил.

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