O Triunfo da Política na Europa

MADRID - A Economia, especialmente as teorias económicas, acabam sempre por ceder aos imperativos políticos. É por isso que a rápida transformação do quadro político europeu, modificado por revoltas eleitorais em França e na Grécia contra a austeridade fiscal apoiada pela Alemanha, está destinada a afectar as políticas económicas da Europa também.

Este imperativo tem estado em acção ao longo de toda a história do pós-guerra da Europa. Na verdade, a própria transformação da Europa, que passou de uma modesta união aduaneira da Comunidade Económica Europeia ao mercado único e moeda comum que constituem a actual União Monetária Europeia, constituiu uma manobra fundamentalmente política, com implicações estratégicas, evidentemente. A França quis domar o poder alemão associando-o ao projecto europeu e a Alemanha estava preparada para sacrificar o Marco alemão para que a França aceitasse uma Alemanha unida, o pesadelo do passado recente da Europa.

É, sem dúvida, vital para o projecto europeu que a Alemanha esteja economicamente forte, nem que seja porque a história já demonstrou os perigos subjacentes a uma Alemanha descontente. Na verdade, foi graças ao euro - e ao mercado cativo europeu que o acompanha - que a Alemanha se tornou no segundo principal país exportador do mundo (foi ultrapassada pela China em 2009).

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.