Margaret Scott

后核时代变革

柏林——切尔诺贝利事故25年后,3月发生的福岛灾难为全世界敲响了警钟,提醒人们核能绝不是洁净、安全、价廉物美的能源选择。不幸的是,需要再次爆发核灾难才能引发核能应用领域的全新讨论。

德国6月做出的到2022年逐步淘汰核能应用的决策刺激了周边支持核能应用的邻国。其他欧洲国家还没有表态他们是否会仿效德国的决策;核能支持者无法想象一个没有核能的世界。意大利最近一次公投显示大部分民众反对核能应用,对这项高风险技术越来越强的反对力量将决定欧洲在经济和生态方面的未来。

切尔诺贝利事故发生后,德国逐步淘汰核能的想法就已经开始酝酿。过去几十年间,反核人士连同他们在绿党中的政治代表一道,成功地动员了数十万抗议者。2000年,越来越强的政治压力最终导致德国政府和能源企业达成共识,同意将核电厂的寿命限制在32年之内。

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