并非如此联合的联合国

对于潘基文来说,他在现在这个时间成为联合国秘书长的好消息是,世界上的大国,即美国、中国、日本、俄罗斯、欧洲和印度之间不太可能发生冲突。而坏消息是,其他各种冲突发生的可能性非常之高,国际性议程纷乱无章而且急迫。

潘基文需要对他新的职位作一个冷静的、艰难的评估。联合国秘书长更多地是一个秘书,而不是一个长官。他不能像一个总统或者首席执行官那样发号施令。他所拥有的更多的是影响力,而不是权力。

此外,联合国的权力是分散的,不仅仅是在安理会和联合国大会之间,更本质地是在其192个成员国和联合国本身之间。联合国是由具有独立主权的国家组成的,但是它自己并不拥有主权,也不能像一个主权国家那样去行动。

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