Chris Van Es

El euro desnudo

LONDRES – Grandes retos y respuestas mediocres: esa es la historia de la Unión Europea. Muy raramente la UE se pone a la altura de los acontecimientos, y ese es el motivo de que Europa se esté desvaneciendo en lo económico y geopolítico.

El Tratado de Roma de 1958, que creó la Comunidad Económica Europea, fue el gran salto hacia adelante de Europa. Sin embargo, la decisión de crear un mercado común sin un gobierno común significó sencillamente postergar los problemas para el futuro. Todo lo hecho desde entonces -la ampliación a 27 estados miembros y la creación de la eurozona de 16 miembros- ha ampliado la brecha entre retórica y realidad. La euroárea no ha hecho más que prometer mucho más que lo que su historia le permite cumplir.

La crisis financiera griega es el ejemplo más reciente de la brecha entre retórica y realidad. En su raíz, es una crisis de ampquot;ampliaciónampquot;, en este caso la ampliación de la eurozona. Los esfuerzos sin precedentes de disciplina fiscal en los años 90 -ayudados en Grecia por la ampquot;contabilidad creativaampquot;- permitieron a Portugal, Italia, Grecia y España (a los que se alude con el ofensivo acrónimo de ampquot;PIGSampquot;) cumplir los criterios de entrada en 1992. Sin embargo, una vez adentro la presión ya no estaba. La mayoría de los países mediterráneos siguieron gastando alegremente, confiados de que los mercados no les harían rendir cuentas.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/k4ZosEn/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now