阿拉伯的民主?

巴黎——亚历西斯·托克维尔在《论美国民主》一书中指出公众信任可以缓解政府压力,提高政府的运作效率。阿拉伯世界政府本当因此感到安慰,因为2012年以年轻人为对象的调查显示有72%的受访者表示更信任他们的政府。但是,阿拉伯春天国家持续内乱和政府瘫痪的原因究竟是什么?

我们可以从最近一次调查中找到某些线索。占总数70%的绝大多数阿拉伯青年表示受家长、亲属和宗教的影响最大,而只有约三分之一表示以作家、商界领袖、社团领袖和媒体为代表的精英群体对他们的人生观构成影响。事实上,表示人生观受明星影响的只有16%。

通过这些数据我们可以更好地了解阿拉伯社会不断变化的社会结构。一般来讲,信任并希望效仿者对人的影响最大。绝大多数阿拉伯人选择家人和宗教颇能给人以启迪作用。

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