伪绿色革命

哥本哈根-随着全球衰退愈演愈烈,在全球变暖上的强有力行动也陷入了危险之中。这是非常严重的问题,因为再过一年多时间,全世界的领导人将会在哥本哈根聚会,谈判京都议定书失败后的后续条约。然而,现在人们正在失去工作和收入,采取紧急的经济援助看起来比100年后的温差要重要的多。

然而,许多环保问题的权威人士开始在说金融危机只会使对气候变化采取行动的要求更加强烈。他们敦促美国当选总统奥巴马实施“绿色革命”,在再生能源进行巨额投资,因为他们认为这可以创造数百万个新的“绿领”职位并且打开巨大的新市场。这种意见毫不奇怪地得到了依赖这些补贴的商界领袖们的强烈支持。但是这种主张对社会来说真的是明智投资吗?

绿色革命观点的问题在于它从来不考虑效率问题。它经常被称赞能提供新的就业岗位。但是几十亿美元的税收补贴几乎可以在任何一个部门创造大量的新岗位,关键在于同样是用纳税人的钱进行的投资,许多资本密集程度较低的部门能够创造更多的就业岗位。

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