金融危机一周年

纽约——

差不多在一年之前,全球经济正在处于崩溃的边缘。仅仅在2008年9月15日到17日的三天之内:雷曼兄弟申请破产,保险业巨头AIG被美国政府接管,在美国政府的斡旋资助下,美国银行收购了华尔街明星——美林证券。在当时,恐慌不断蔓延,信贷市场几乎冻结。非金融类型的公司连维持日常运转都无法融资,更不用说是长期投资了。世界经济萧条迫在眉睫。

而如今,风雨似乎已经过去。世界主要国家的央行经过数月的努力,避免了金融市场的崩盘。当银行之间不能相互提供短期拆借融资时,央行充当了相应的角色,世界主要经济国家避免了一次信贷及其他产业的崩溃危机。随后,恐慌的情绪慢慢退去。银行之间的相互拆借又开始恢复起来。

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