Схватка за наследие Арафата

Чтобы понять, как будет выглядеть палестинский вопрос без Ясира Арафата, стоит лишь взглянуть на его многочисленные титулы. Арафат является председателем исполнительного комитета ООП, президентом Палестинской национальной администрации (ПНА), Верховным главнокомандующим вооружённых сил Палестины, и вдобавок возглавляет движение Фатх.

ООП воплощает стремление палестинской нации к независимости и государственности. Это наивысший политический орган для всех палестинцев, как для тех, кто проживает в Палестине, так и для беженцев и прочих палестинцев в составе диаспоры. Преемнику Арафата придется лавировать между переговорами с Израилем, для чего потребуется пойти на уступки в отношении “права на возвращение” беженцев в Палестину, и чаяниями более чем трёх миллионов палестинцев, желающих вернуться в свои дома, из которых они были изгнаны во время войн в 1948 и 1967 году.

Преемник Арафата в качестве президента Палестинской национальной администрации будет связан заключёнными в Осло договоренностями, согласно которым было создано переходное правительство (ныне возглавляемое премьер-министром Ахмадом Куреем), отвечающее за повседневную жизнь палестинцев на западном берегу Иордана и в секторе Газа. Палестинцам придётся решить, придать ли должности президента ПНА реальный вес или оставить ее лишь символической, каковой она и является сейчас. При реализации последнего варианта премьер-министр Курей получил бы значительные полномочия, и именно этого хотят многие палестинцы, да и не только они.

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