Террор или реформа на Ближнем Востоке

Серия взрывов в Мадриде на прошлой неделе - это новая волна террора, унесшая жизни как христиан, так и мусульман. Все обсуждают, как лучше защититься от таких форм террора, а также важность в данном контексте инициативы США по Ближнему и Среднему Востоку, предложенную для одобрения Большой восьмерке и НАТО в июле.

Аргументы спорны. В отличие от лидеров Европы, таких как Йошка Фишер, министр иностранных дел Германии, США исключают из инициативы урегулирование арабо-израильского конфликта и предлагают сосредоточиться на решении социально-экономических проблем, питающих экстремизм и террор в исламском мире.

Озабоченность в отношении данного региона появилась не после атак на США в сентябре 2001 г. или взрывов в Мадриде. Ещё в 1980-х и 1990-х Европа инициировала "Барселонский процесс", направленный на установление демократии и обеспечение безопасности и развития этого региона. Тогда, как и сейчас, регион был нестабилен, экономически слаб и социально отстал. Появились опасения, что потеря легитимности арабскими националистическими режимами усилит позиции радикальных исламистов, что подтвердила кровавая гражданская война в Алжире 1990-х.

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