Tуберкулез и ВИЧ: комбинация, придуманная в аду

Фатима, которая живет в западной Танзании около озера Танганьика, уже больше месяца страдает сухим, отрывистым кашлем. Она боится думать, что это может означать, что у нее туберкулез. Фатима знает, что она может выяснить это и, в случае необходимости, получить лечение в ближайшей клинике, которая находится в часе езды на автобусе. Она обдумывает, попросить ли у мужа денег на оплату проезда в автобусе (около 60 евро), но решает этого не делать. Ей нужны эти деньги, чтобы кормить детей. Кроме того, если анализ на туберкулез окажется положительным, то ее муж и все их соседи подумают, что у нее к тому же СПИД.

Мы разговаривали со многими людьми, больными туберкулезом, в Танзании и Нигерии, и опасения и беспокойства Фатимы не единичны. Люди с туберкулезом обычно заклеймены в регионе Африки под пустыней Сахара. Широко распространен недостаток точной информации о заболевании.

Такая действительность мешает людям, которые думают, что они заразились туберкулезом, обратиться за лечением. Во многих регионах – и особенно в сельских районах – люди все еще считают, что больные туберкулезом были околдованы, отравлены или, как выразился один нигерийский врач, “прокляты богами”.

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