Coins grouped in a circle in golden atmosphere with clouds.

Que la luz del sol entre en los paraísos fiscales

BERKELEY – Los paraísos fiscales están concebidos para ser secretos y opacos. Toda la razón de su existencia es la de ocultar la riqueza escondida en ellos y un nuevo libro de Gabriel Zucman, TheHidden Wealth of Nations: The Scourge of Tax Havens (“La riqueza oculta de las naciones. El azote de los paraísos fiscales”), revela, como nunca, la magnitud de su papel en la economía mundial.

Zucman examina las discrepancias en las cuentas internacionales para ofrecer las cifras más precisas y fiables que probablemente podamos obtener sobre la cantidad de dinero almacenado en los paraísos fiscales. Calcula que el ocho por ciento de la riqueza financiera del mundo –unos 7.600 billones de dólares- está oculta en lugares como Suiza, las islas Bermudas, las islas Caimán, Singapur y Luxemburgo. Representa más riqueza que la poseída por la mitad más pobre de los 7.400 millones de personas del mundo.

Esa cifra tiene consecuencias importantes, pues representa un dinero que debería estar en la base imponible tributaria. Si los países ricos de Europa y de Norteamérica no pueden gravar eficazmente a los ricos, tienen pocas posibilidades de preservar la democracia social y contrarrestar el pronunciado aumento de la desigualdad que ha afectado recientemente a sus economías. Asimismo, las economías en ascenso abrigan pocas esperanzas de crear sistemas tributarios progresivos, si no pueden encontrar la riqueza de sus plutócratas.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now