Shopkeeper in Sri Lanka

Возрождение Шри-Ланки

КОЛОМБО – Шри-Ланку заслуженно хвалят за тот прогресс, которого здесь достигли после окончания войны против сепаратистского движения «Тамильских тигров» в 2009 году. Экономика растет в среднем на 6,7% в год; статистика образования и здравоохранения впечатляет.

Хотя все развивающиеся страны сталкиваются с мириадами проблем, они особенно остро ощущаются в стране, пострадавшей от интенсивной 30-летней гражданской войны. Правительству придётся выбирать приоритеты, но для успеха нужен комплексный подход.

Причинами таких войн, как борьба с «Тамильскими тиграми», обычно является социальное и экономическое недовольство, вызванное, например, реальной или ощущаемой дискриминацией, а также неспособностью властей адекватно справиться с проблемой неравенства доходов и богатства. Тем самым, Шри-Ланке (или, если брать другой пример, Колумбии, где всё более вероятным выглядит заключение мира с партизанами FARC) требуется не просто единовременное восстановление справедливости. Ей требуется полномасштабная интеграция в экономическую жизнь страны недовольного меньшинства Шри-Ланки – тамилов.

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