Trump supporter Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Освоение надежды общественной науки

ВЕНА – В своей вступительной речи на церемонии вручения Нобелевской премии 2016 года, Председатель Нобелевского фонда Карл-Хенрик Хелдин провел параллели между нашей нынешней обстановкой и миром конца девятнадцатого века, в котором жил и работал Альфред Нобель.

Эра Нобеля отличалась быстрой индустриализацией и экономическим ростом. Процветали прогрессивные политические идеи о мирном международном сотрудничестве, но идеи национализма, ксенофобии, геополитической напряженности и терроризма, также были на подъеме. Анархисты убили Русского царя, Австрийскую императрицу, Американского и Французского президента, а начало Первой мировой войны нанесло почти смертельный удар по Европейской цивилизации.

Сходства с сегодняшним миром очевидны. Ученые продолжают удивлять нас невероятными открытиями, а миллиарды людей по всему миру были выведены из нищеты. Но над горизонтом сгущаются тучи. Террористы ударили по Европе с удвоенной силой, и миллионы беженцев, спасающихся от войн и голода, обременяют Европейские институты и расшатывают социальную сплоченность. Появившиеся популистские движения призывают к закрытию границ и новым стенам, а их отвержение компетентности привело Хелдина к “горькой правде”: что “Мы больше не можем считать само собой разумеющимся, что люди верят в науку, факты и знания”.

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