Apu Gomez/Getty Images

Иммигрант Шрёдингера

ПРАГА – Когда руководители стран Центральной и Восточной Европы пытаются объяснить, почему они не хотят принимать беженцев, они зачастую противоречат друг другу. Одни утверждают, что беженцы забирают рабочие места у местных жителей: это означает, что беженцы любят много работать. А другие жалуются на то, что беженцы живут на социальные пособия, а это значит, что они работают слишком мало.

Например, премьер-министр Венгрии Виктор Орбан доказывает первое. В 2015-2016 годах его правительство потратило более 50 млн евро ($59 млн) на рекламу против иммигрантов, в том числе на рекламные щиты, предупреждающие иммигрантов, что они не должны занимать рабочие места местных жителей.

Напротив, чешские политики, например, бывший вице-премьер Андрей Бабиш, министр внутренних дел Милан Хованец и бывший президент страны Вацлав Клаус, называют беженцев и мигрантов нахлебниками, которые положили глаз на щедрые социальные пособия. При этом, по мнению нынешнего президента Чехии Милоша Земана, всех этих искателей пособий можно включить в одну категорию – «мусульмане».

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