renminbi ZhangPeng/LightRocket/Getty Images

Искушения для устойчивого Китая

НЬЮ-ХЕЙВЕН (США) – Очередной приступ паники по поводу роста экономики Китая миновал. И этот факт, конечно, совершенно не соответствует распространённым на Западе взглядам, согласно которым Китай уже давно ждёт жёсткая посадка. В очередной раз на Западе упустили из вида китайский контекст – устойчивую систему, в которой высоко ценится стабильность.

Премьер-министр Ли Кэцян говорил об этом в своём заключительном слове на недавнем Китайском форуме развития. Я участвую в работе этого форума 17 лет подряд и научился понимать между строк премьерские речи. Обычно высокопоставленные китайские руководители делают довольно скучные заявления о достижениях, целях и реформах, в полном соответствии с официальной линией, определённой в ежегодном «Рабочем докладе» о состоянии экономики. За две недели до форума этот доклад ежегодно представляется очередной сессии Всекитайского собрания народных представителей.

Но в этом году было по-другому. Сначала Ли казался уставшим от собственных скучных ответов на вопросы аудитории, полной мировых светил, который интересовались сложными проблемами глобализации, дигитализации и автоматизации, а также затруднений во внешней торговле. Но он оживился во время завершающих ремарок, экспромтом сделав декларацию о фундаментальной силе китайской экономики: «Жёсткой посадки не будет», – воскликнул он.

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