La reinicialización de las relaciones OTAN-Rusia


MOSCÚ – La crisis de agosto pasado en Georgia puso a prueba el sistema de seguridad de Europa y el sistema no cumplió su tarea principal de garantizar la seguridad del continente en su conjunto. Como resultado, Europa debe reexaminar sus dispositivos de seguridad actuales, analizar lo que sucedió y tomar ese análisis en cuenta para hacer reformas a esos dispositivos.

Incluso antes de la crisis en Georgia, Rusia ya había percibido la necesidad de revisar los mecanismos de seguridad europea, incluidas sus instituciones internacionales y regionales y sus funciones. Nosotros sugerimos un nuevo sistema de tratados jurídicamente vinculantes de garantías de seguridad mutua para obtener un nivel de seguridad igual en toda Europa.

La Unión Europea estima que la iniciativa rusa tiene fundamentos sólidos y ha mostrado interés en poner en marcha ese proyecto. Algunos líderes de la Organización para la Seguridad y la Cooperación en Europa (OSCE) también están dispuestos a participar. No obstante, la OTAN se ha mantenido al margen. En septiembre pasado, yo debía haber presentado al Consejo OTAN-Rusia (NRC, por sus siglas en inglés) las propuestas de mi país sobre el nuevo concepto de seguridad, pero la Alianza se negó a celebrar la reunión programada tras la crisis en Georgia.

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