巴勒斯坦的抉择时刻

NOT TO BE PUBLISHED BEFORE JANUARY 10

马哈茂德·阿巴斯在巴拉斯坦民族权力机构主席的选举中取得胜利,这对巴勒斯坦领导层而言是一个挑战。阿拉法特逝世后几小时,阿巴斯就被推举为巴解组织执委会总书记,牢牢获得该组织的支持。巴解组织代表了全巴勒斯坦人,包括那些在外散居的犹太人。巴解组织主席选举给了阿巴斯实现其政治主张一个最起码的合法性。

这一主张尽管与阿法特的相近,但主要方式不同。阿巴斯(又名阿布·马赞)一直不断地公开地批评被他称为“反抗运动的军事化”的现象(即巴勒斯坦人对以色列占领的反抗运动)。即使在阿拉法特去世前,阿巴斯认为使用武力削弱了巴勒斯坦的谈判资本。在整个竞选活动中,阿巴斯始终坚持这一立场,拒绝巴勒斯坦强硬派要求其为从前的言论作出道歉。

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