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Venezuela economy crisis Federico Parra/Getty Images




一切债务都隐含着借款人偿还所借款项并支付利息的承诺。对于公共债务,“契约必须遵守”(pacta sunt servanda)原则意味着未来政府有义务尊重前任政府做出的承诺。但亚历山大·萨克(Alexander Sack)在1927年就指出,后续政府不应该永远尊重前任的承诺:“当一个专制政权签订债务契约,不是出于国家的需要或利益,而是为了让自己做大做强,从而镇压群众起义等,那么这笔债务,对于整个国家的人民而言,就是可恶的。”

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