WTO Geneva Fabrice Coffrini/Getty Images

Jangan Tangisi Perjanjian Dagang yang Sudah Berakhir

CAMBRIDGE – Selama tujuh dekade setelah berakhirnya Perang Dunia Kedua adalah masa-masa perjanjian perdagangan. Negara-negara dengan perekonomian yang besar berada dalam masa dimana mereka secara terus-menerus melakukan perundingan perdagangan, serta menandatangani dua perjanjian multilateral utama yang berskala global, yaitu: Persetujuan Umum Tentang Tarif dan Perdagangan (GATT) dan perjanjian untuk membentuk Organisasi Perdagangan Dunia (WTO). Selain itu, terdapat lebih dari 500 perjanjian perdagangan bilateral dan regional yang ditandatangani – yang kebanyakan ditandatangani sejak WTO menggantikan GATT pada tahun 1995.

Lonjakan populisme di tahun 2016 hampir pasti akan mengakhiri rangkaian kesibukan pembuatan perjanjian perdagangan. Saat negara-negara berkembang mungkin melakukan perjanjian perdagangan dengan skala yang lebih kecil, dua perjanjian perdagangan besar, yaitu Kemitraan Trans-Pasifik (TPP) dan Kemitraan Dagang dan Investasi Trans-Atlantik (TTIP), dapat dianggap sudah berakhir ketika Donald Trump terpilih menjadi Presiden Amerika Serikat.   

Kita tidak perlu bersedih atas berakhirnya kedua perjanjian tersebut.

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