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不要为已死的贸易协定哭泣

坎布里奇—二战结束以来的七十年是贸易协定时代。世界主要经济体始终处于贸易谈判中,包括两大全球性多边协议:关税与贸易总协定(GATT)和世界贸易组织成立条约。此外还有500多个双边和地区性贸易协定签署——其中绝大部分发生在1995年世贸组织取代关贸总协定之后。

2016年的民粹主义反动将几乎肯定宣告这一繁忙的协议时代结束。尽管发展中国家可能会继续追求小型贸易协定,但谈判桌上的两个主要协议——跨太平洋合作伙伴关系(TPP)和跨大西洋贸易和投资伙伴关系(TTIP)在唐纳德·特朗普当选美国总统后已经宣告不治。

我们不应该为它们的死亡而哀悼。

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