Dean Rohrer

Нигерийская демократия на подъеме

АБУДЖА. Выборы в законодательные органы Нигерии, за которыми должны последовать президентские выборы 16 апреля, показывают, что правящая Народно-демократическая партия (НДП) потеряла свой почти полный контроль над политической жизнью страны. Из четырех основных оппозиционных партий, которые выдвинули кандидатов на 469 мест в парламенте, Нигерийский конгресс за прямое действие (НКД) получил большую часть голосов на юго-западе страны, «сбив с ног» таких стойких приверженцев НДП, как спикер Палаты представителей Димеджи Банколе и сенатор Йабо Обасанджо-Белло ‑ дочь бывшего президента Олусегуна Обасанджо.

Тем не менее, НДП парировала вызов в нефтедобывающей дельте реки Нигер, в родной области президента Гудлака Джонатана. Она также удержала позиции на юго-востоке, где преимущественно проживают игбо, а также среднем поясе, где проживает несколько малых этнических групп.

Горькие разногласия отметили восхождение Джонатана к власти в мае 2010 года после смерти президента Умару Яр-Адуа, спустя только три года его пребывания в должности. Некоторые политики НДП на мусульманском севере настаивали на том, что их регион имеет право выдвинуть своего кандидата, поскольку Обасанджо, который считался представителем христианского юга, правил восемь лет. Однако их пожелания отвергли.

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