Исцеляющая машина

ВИРДЖИНИЯ-БИЧ – В прошлом году Нобелевская премия по медицине была присуждена за открытие, на которое было потрачено 44 года работы двух различных исследовательских групп. Прорыв обещает новые виды диагностики и терапии, но что, если такие идеи могут разрабатываться с помощью компьютеров, и не за десятилетия, а за считанные минуты? Недавнее появление нового коронавируса, который убил девять человек в Великобритании и на Ближнем Востоке, является напоминанием, что зачастую необходимо очень быстро создавать новые методы лечения.

При помощи различных моделируемых абстракций можно было бы построить систему искусственного интеллекта (ИИ), которая могла бы разрабатывать новые методы лечения. Подобная система могла бы предложить неожиданные и эффективные методы лечения, поскольку она понимала бы болезни путями, которые людям сложно вообразить. Идея кажется научной фантастикой: все знают, что ИИ не особо умен.

Для того чтобы воплотить в жизнь что-то вроде «Исцеляющей машины», необходима как минимум одна далеко идущая инновация: лучший способ моделирования всей системы, который предоставит новые концептуальные инструменты, как для биологии, так и для вычислительной техники.

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