Уникальный процесс миротворчества в Непале

КАТМАНДУ – Лидер непальских маоистов, Пушпа Камал Дахал, известный под прозвищем Прачанда, был приведен к присяге как первый премьер министр Федеративной Демократической Республики Непал, выиграв подавляющее количество голосов в Учредительном собрании, избранном в апреле. Первым шагом собрания было практически единогласное голосование за упразднение 239-летней монархии, и в июне бывший король Гьянендра Шах покинул дворец, оставаясь в стране на правах обыкновенного гражданина.

Непал ненадолго попал в заголовки новостей после дворцового переворота в 2001г., в котором были убиты предыдущий правитель и члены его семьи. Однако непальская кровавая гражданская война, продолжавшаяся в течение десяти лет, редко оставалась в центре международного внимания. Подобным образом, и уникальный процесс миротворчества в этой стране редко привлекал внимание внешнего мира с тех пор, как два года назад умолкли звуки выстрелов. И все же, среди продолжающихся вокруг света конфликтов и безуспешных попыток воссоздания мира, история одного успеха заслуживает признания и поддержки. 

Я приехал в Непал в середине 2005г., когда международное сообщество, ввиду нарушений прав человека, совершаемых обеими сторонами вооруженного конфликта, и жестких мер  против демократических прав, предпринятых узурпировавшим абсолютную власть Гьянендрой, выступило в поддержку котролирующего присутствия со стороны Верховного коммиссара ООН по правам человека. С тем, что конца войне, унесшей тысячи гражданских жизней, не предвиделось, и демократией далеко за пределами досягаемости, никто не мог бы предсказать, что народ Непала выразит подобным образом свои требования мира и перемен.

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