Necesidad contra codicia

NUEVA YORK - El gran líder moral de la India Mohandas Gandhi dijo la famosa frase de que hay suficiente en la Tierra para las necesidades de todos, pero no suficiente para satisfacer la avaricia de todos. Hoy la visión de Gandhi se está poniendo a prueba como nunca antes.

El mundo está alcanzando límites globales en su uso de los recursos. Estamos sintiendo los golpes cada día en forma de inundaciones, sequías y tormentas catastróficas y en el consiguiente aumento de los precios en el mercado. Nuestro destino depende ahora de si cooperamos o somos víctimas de una codicia autodestructiva.

Los límites a la economía mundial son nuevos y se derivan del tamaño sin precedentes de la población mundial y la expansión nunca antes vista del crecimiento económico en casi todo el planeta. Hoy siete mil millones de personas habitan la Tierra, en comparación con sólo tres mil millones hace medio siglo. Hoy en día, el promedio de ingreso percápita es 10.000 dólares; en mundo desarrollado es de alrededor de 40.000 y 4.000 en los países en desarrollo  Eso significa que la economía mundial está produciendo alrededor de 70 billones de dólares por año, en comparación con alrededor de 10 billones en 1960.

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