Митт Ромни и четыре дефицита Америки

БЕРКЛИ (Калифорния). США окружены четырьмя дефицитами: бюджетным дефицитом, дефицитом рабочих мест, дефицитом государственных инвестиций и дефицитом возможностей. Предложения по бюджету, выдвигаемые кандидатом в президенты Миттом Ромни и кандидатом на пост вице-президента Полом Райаном, могут сократить бюджетный дефицит, но усилят остальные три дефицита.

Вообще-то, Ромни и Райан не объясняют подробности того, каким образом они собираются уменьшить бюджетный дефицит, и полагаются на утверждения типа «поверьте мне». Но преобладающая направленность их предложений понятна: очередное снижение налогов, непропорционально более выгодное богачам вкупе со значительным снижением невоенных дискреционных расходов, непропорционально вредящих всем остальным – и ослабляющих перспективы экономического роста.

Несмотря на 30 месяцев увеличения количества рабочих мест в частном секторе, в США по-прежнему наблюдается сильная нехватка рабочих мест. Уровень безработицы все еще на 2% выше «нормального» уровня (когда экономика функционирует в полную силу). Кроме того, уровень активности работающего населения остается близким к историческому минимуму.

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