Mitt Romney a čtyři americké schodky

BERKELEY – Spojené státy trápí čtyři schodky: fiskální deficit a deficity pracovních míst, veřejných investic a příležitostí. Rozpočtové návrhy předložené prezidentským kandidátem Mittem Romneym a jeho adeptem na viceprezidenta Paulem Ryanem by mohly snížit fiskální deficit, ale zhoršily by zbylé tři.

Jistěže, Romney a Ryan nezveřejnili podrobnosti o tom, jak by fiskální deficit snížili, a spoléhají na apely, abychom jim důvěřovali. Celkové směřování jejich návrhů je ale jasné: další snižování daní, neúměrně ve prospěch nejbohatších, doprovázené výrazně seškrtanými diskrečními výdaji mimo oblast obrany, což by neúměrně poškodilo všechny ostatní – a oslabilo růstové vyhlídky ekonomiky.

Počet pracovních míst v soukromém sektoru sice už 30 měsíců roste, avšak USA se stále potýkají s rozsáhlým schodkem pracovních míst. Míra nezaměstnanosti se drží o víc než dva procentní body nad „normálem“ (když ekonomika běží na výkon blízký její kapacitě). Míra zapojení do pracovních sil navíc zůstává blízko historických minim.

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