Jon Krause

El pensamiento mágico de Milton Friedman

CAMBRIDGE – El próximo año será el cien aniversario del nacimiento de Milton Friedman. Friedman fue uno de los principales economistas del siglo XX, galardonado con el Premio Nobel que hizo notables contribuciones a la política monetaria y a la teoría del consumo. Sin embargo, será recordado sobre todo como el visionario que ofreció el motor intelectual a los entusiastas del libre mercado durante la segunda mitad del siglo, y como la eminencia gris detrás del cambio espectacular en las políticas económicas emprendidas después de 1980.

En un momento en que el escepticismo en los mercados es galopante, Friedman explicó en un lenguaje claro y accesible que la empresa privada es el fundamento de la prosperidad económica. Todas las economías exitosas están basadas en el ahorro, el trabajo duro y la iniciativa individual. Se oponía a la regulación gubernamental que obstaculizaba la iniciativa empresarial y limitaba los mercados. Lo que Adam Smith fue para el siglo XVIII, Milton Friedman lo fue para el siglo XX.

Mientras se transmitía la histórica serie televisiva de Friedman “Free to Choose” en 1980, la economía mundial atravesaba una singular transformación. Inspirados por las ideas de Friedman, Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher y muchos otros dirigentes gubernamentales empezaron a eliminar las restricciones y regulaciones del gobierno que se habían establecido a lo largo de las décadas precedentes.

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