macron Aurore Belot/AFP/Getty Images

El método Macron

LONDRES – La elección de Emmanuel Macron como presidente de Francia da a la Unión Europea una oportunidad de superar los conflictos internos que han acelerado su desintegración. En vez de una opción excluyente entre las viejas élites o los nuevos populistas, Macron prometió convocar una base de apoyo político amplia bajo la bandera de la reforma europea. Pero, ¿cuáles son sus posibilidades reales de insuflar nueva vida en un proyecto desfalleciente?

En el encuentro de Macron con la canciller alemana Angela Merkel, el nuevo presidente ofreció un plan para poner fin a la guerra fría entre el norte y el sur de Europa, o lo que es lo mismo, la tensión entre los defensores de la austeridad y los que están a favor de políticas de crecimiento. Y cuando esta semana se reúna con el presidente ruso Vladimir Putin, tal vez encuentre el modo de trascender la división entre el flanco oriental de Europa y el flanco occidental, que quieren, respectivamente, una política de contención o de relación con Rusia.

Asimismo, Macron trató de reconciliar la idea de una Europa de brazos abiertos con la defensa de una “Europa fortaleza”. A la vez que quiere recibir más refugiados, exhorta a la UE a crear una fuerza de fronteras con 5000 soldados y acelerar la repatriación de migrantes ilegales.

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