Tim Brinton

国际贸易的两只兔子

首尔—老话说得好,如果你想同时抓住两只兔子,最后你一只都抓不到。而这正是许多政府被要求做到的:既要让经济增长,又要让分配公平。这两个目标虽然算不上不相容,但也大不相同,几无政策工具可以同时有助于达到两个目标。

在贸易政策中,观点很重要。许多理论和实证研究表明,开放贸易可以刺激一国GDP增长。但做大蛋糕并不能保证蛋糕可以分得公平。

通常,贸易开放带来的增量增长并不是均匀分配的;更普遍的情况是,在许多例子中,一些人分到的份额比以前下降了。此时政府必须以其传统工具进行干预,即税收和再分配以及社会保障网和调整性援助等补充性政策。

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