Пусть Дохийский раунд закончится провалом

Представьте себе, что министры торговли стран мира выйдут с предстоящей встречи Всемирной Торговой Организации в Гонконге с простым заявлением: «Мы не смогли достигнуть соглашения; мы постараемся добиться лучших результатов в следующий раз». Это привело бы так называемый Дохийский раунд «развития» к безуспешному окончанию, однако это не было бы трагедией.

Но если послушать представителей Всемирного Банка и ВТО, то можно услышать множество раздутых утверждений о выгодах, которые принесет успешный Дохийский раунд. Они часто представляют положение вещей таким образом, как будто жизнь сотен миллионов бедных людей в развивающихся странах висит на волоске. Прислушайтесь внимательнее к этим заявлениям, и вы поймете, что они построены на песке.

Согласно последним оценкам Всемирного Банка, полная либерализация торговли (включая либерализацию в области промышленных товаров и в самих развивающихся странах) принесет развивающимся странам мира чистую прибыль в 0.5% их дохода. Но это не мешает Всемирному Банку прилагать все усилия к тому, чтобы скрыть это незначительное воздействие под внушительно звучащими заявлениями.

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