Faire d'une pierre deux coups : combattre la récession et le changement climatique

Bien que la présente récession soit sérieuse et que nous ne sachions pas combien de temps elle durera, nous devrions continuer néanmoins à nous efforcer de contrer la menace lourde de conséquences du changement climatique.  En fait, si nous nous montrons habiles, notre approche en matière d'environnement pourrait nous permettre d'atteindre un double objectif : favoriser la croissance économique et combattre le réchauffement de la planète.

Les gouvernements qui travailleront à l'élaboration d'un « successeur » au Protocole de Kyoto à l'occasion de la Conférence des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques devraient adopter de solides mesures incitatives pour favoriser la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre.  De telles mesures pourraient donner l'impulsion nécessaire aux investissements privés et contribuer à la reprise.

Les grandes lignes de la solution que la société doit opposer au réchauffement planétaire sont claires depuis des années. En effet, un système de plafonnement et d'échange de droits d'émissions de CO2 permettrait de canaliser les ressources vers les mesures de réduction les plus rentables. L'adoption à grande échelle de normes d'efficacité pour les appareils électroménagers, les véhicules automobiles, les immeubles etc. aiderait les sociétés et les particuliers à réduire leur consommation d'énergie.

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