macron le pen tv debate Eric Feferberg/AFP/Getty Images

Левые обязаны проголосовать за Макрона

ЛОНДОН – В 2002 году Жак Ширак, лидер французских правых, соперничал с Жан-Мари Ле Пеном, лидером расистского Национального фронта, во втором туре президентских выборов во Франции. Французские левые поддержали голлиста и консерватора Ширака, выступив против ксенофобского наследника коллаборационистов Виши. Однако пятнадцать лет спустя значительная часть французских левых отказывается поддержать Эммануэля Макрона против Марин Ле Пен, дочери Жан-Мари Ле Пена.

У прогрессивных сил есть причины злиться на либеральный истеблишмент, который чувствует себя с Макроном комфортно. Это бывший банкир, у которого не было опыта участия в демократической политике, пока он не стал на короткое время министром экономики, промышленности и цифровых технологий при президенте Франсуа Олланде. Они видят в нём, и совершенно верно, министра, который лишил штатных работников завоёванных в борьбе трудовых прав и который сегодня стал для истеблишмента последним лекарством от Ле Пен.

Более того, трудно не разделить мнение французских левых, что рост популярности Ле Пен является заслуженным наказанием либеральному истеблишменту. В 2015 году тот же самый истеблишмент, который сейчас поддерживает Макрона и выступает против «альтернативных фактов», полоумных экономических идей и авторитаризма Ле Пен, Дональда Трампа, Партии независимости Великобритании (UKIP) и так далее, развязал зверски эффективную кампанию лжи и дискредитации, чтобы сломить демократически избранное правительство Греции, в котором я работал.

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