Paul Lachine

John Stewart Mill vs. Evropská centrální banka

BERKELEY – Jedno z nepěkných tajemství ekonomie je, že neexistuje nic jako „ekonomická teorie“. Jednoduše neexistují žádné skálopevné principy, o něž by člověk mohl opřít výpočty osvětlující ekonomické pochody v reálném světě. Toto omezení ekonomických znalostí bychom neměli pouštět ze zřetele právě teď, když celosvětové nutkání k fiskální šetrnosti řadí nejvyšší rychlost.

Kupříkladu biologové na rozdíl od ekonomů vědí, že každá buňka funguje v souladu s instrukcemi k syntéze proteinů, vepsanými do její DNA. Chemici vycházejí z toho, co jim Heisenbergův a Pauliho princip, doplněné o třírozměrnost prostoru, říkají o stabilním uspořádání elektronů. Fyzici se opírají o čtyři základní přírodní síly.

Ekonomové nic takového nemají. „Ekonomické principy“, na nichž stojí jejich teorie, jsou podvod – nejde o elementární pravdy, ale o pouhé knoflíky, s nimiž člověk kroutí a otáčí tak, aby z analýzy vyšly „správné“ výsledky.

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