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伯克利—经济学家奈都(Suresh Naidu)曾经对我说,马克思经济学有三个大问题。首先,马克思认为增加的投资和资本积累会减少劳动力对雇主的价值,从而降低工人的议价能力。其次,他没能充分领会工人阶级实际物质生活水平的上升可以和利用率的增加齐头并进——也就是说劳动力收入占比越来越小。第三,马克思太纠结于劳动价值论。



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