Израиль после Голдстоуна

ТОЛЕДО - Затруднительное положение, в котором оказался Израиль после обвинения в военных преступлениях в Секторе Газа, которое содержалось в отчете судьи Ричарда Голдстоуна, а также последующее одобрение этого отчета Советом по правам человека при Организации Объединенных Наций, воскрешает в памяти реакцию вице-президента Соединенных Штатов Спиро Агнью на обвинения в коррупции в свой адрес в 1973 году: «Сволочи, они изменили правила, но мне об этом никто не сказал».

В самом деле, правила изменились, и Израиль не может сказать, что его не предупреждали о наступлении эры, в которой международное право и универсальная справедливость стали основой улучшенного мирового порядка. Когда больше чем 60 лет назад начался арабо-израильский конфликт, такого правила не существовало. Сегодня, однако, международное сообщество обязано пристально следить за тем, как ведутся войны, и оно не позволит военным преступлениям остаться безнаказанными.

По крайней мере, в идеале должно быть именно так. Но, увы, новые правила фактически применяются только к тем странам, которые не являются мировыми державами. Совет по правам человека ООН не посмел бы привлечь к ответственности Россию за разрушение Грозного (столицы Чечни), или Китай за жестокое подавление жителей Тибета и мусульманского меньшинства - Уйгуров.

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