Международное правосудие – противник мира?

Прошло не многим более пятнадцати лет с тех пор, как был создан первый современный международный суд, чтобы преследовать в судебном порядке тех, кто совершил военные преступления, преступления против человечества и преступления геноцида. Этот суд - Международный трибунал по бывшей Югославии - вероятно вскоре начнет судебный процесс против нового обвиняемого, после того как в Белграде был арестован Радован Караджич, лидер боснийских сербов во время недавней войны в Югославии.

Тем не менее, сегодня подобные суды уже подвергаются постоянной критике: в своем стремлении совершить правосудие они мешают достижению более важной цели - мира. Подобное недовольство выражалось наиболее громогласно, когда в преступлениях обвинялись действующие главы государств. В качестве последнего примера можно привести обвинения, выставленные прокурором Международного уголовного суда против президента Судана Омар Хасан аль-Башир в преступлениях против человечества и геноциде в Дарфуре.& В действительности осуждение процесса правосудия в этот раз звучит более громко и резко, чем раньше.

Осуждение выражалось громко также и в 1995 году, когда прокурор Международного трибунала по бывшей Югославии обвинил президента Боснийско-сербской республики Радована Караджича и командующего армией генерала Ратко Младича, а затем зазвучало еще громче, когда они были снова обвинены позже в том же году в массовых убийствах в Сребренице. Расчет времени этого второго обвинения вызвал больше всего критики, так как оно прозвучало как раз накануне мирной конференции в Дейтоне.& Караджич и Младич не поехали в Дейтон, поскольку им грозил арест.

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